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The role of nutritional support in cirrhotic patients

Parveen Malhotra*, Vani Malhotra, Naveen Malhotra, Mannet Kaur, Yogesh Sanwariya, Ramesh Kumar, Hemant
Received: 01 July 2016 / Received in revised form: 22 August 2016, Accepted: 22 August 2016, Published online: 04 November 201…

Parveen Malhotra*, Vani Malhotra, Naveen Malhotra, Mannet Kaur, Yogesh Sanwariya, Ramesh Kumar, Hemant

Received: 01 July 2016 / Received in revised form: 22 August 2016, Accepted: 22 August 2016, Published online: 04 November 2016

Abstract

Malnutrition is usual in patients with chronic liver disease and is associated with a poor outcome. Nutritional support decreases nutrition-associated complications. Our aim was to demonstrate that nutritional support in cirrhotic patients leads to early and better recovery. Two hundred and fifty patients with cirrhosis were included and followed for six months. Two hundred subjects (Group A) received fat rich diet having nutritional value of 35 Kcal/kg/day and 1.5 gm/kg/day of vegetable protein. Fifty patients (Group B) did not give consent for above diet and remained on low calorie, fat and protein restricted diet. Fifteen patients (7.5%) in Group A died whereas eight (16%) patients in Group B died. The mean average hospital stay in group A was 11 days whereas in Group B it was 18 days. All the complications were less common in Group A then in Group B patients. Good nutritional support in cirrhotic patients decreases mortality and morbidity.

Key words: Malnutrition, Cirrhosis, Anthropometry, liver function tests

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Citation:  Parveen Malhotra*, Vani Malhotra, Naveen Malhotra, Mannet Kaur, Yogesh Sanwariya, Ramesh Kumar, Hemant (2016) The role of nutritional support in cirrhotic patients, Journal of Nutrition Research, Vol. 4, Issue 1, pp. 80-84


© The Indian Association for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 2016

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