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The hidden hunger and strategies for its alleviation – A review

Bindu Sadanandan*, Channarayappa 
Received: 08 November 2014 / Received in revised form: 27 January 2015, Accepted: 30 February 2015, Published online: 29 June 2015
Abstract
Micronutrient deficiencies are aptly called as hidden hu…

Bindu Sadanandan*, Channarayappa 

Received: 08 November 2014 / Received in revised form: 27 January 2015, Accepted: 30 February 2015, Published online: 29 June 2015

Abstract

Micronutrient deficiencies are aptly called as hidden hunger as they do not cause any immediate disorder symptoms but do cause serious health issues eventually. The situation of malnourishment
is grim as it involves significant numbers of people especially women and children from various parts of the world. Micronutrient deficiency is usually due to the lack of a balanced diet and awareness on nutritional requirements. Another lesser-known culprit is natural antinutritional factors present in plant-based foods which reduce the bioavailablility of micronutrients causing deficiencies. This problem can easily be overcome by countermeasures like food fortification with micronutrients or by
adopting suitable food processing methods like soaking, steeping, germination, cooking or fermentation. Biotechnology can also come handy here in the form of developing food crops with
reduced antinutritional factors thereby enhancing micronutrient availability. Thus developing well researched & tailored micronutrient malnutrition management strategies & their effective implementation is a need of the hour. 

Key words: Micronutrients, Antinutritional factors, Hidden hunger, Malnutrition, Micronutrient malnutrition

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Citation: Bindu Sadanandan*, Channarayappa  (2014) The hidden hunger and strategies for its alleviation – A review, Journal of Nutrition Research, Vol. 2, Issue 1, pp. 32-37


© The Indian Association for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 2014

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